Benefits of cycling
Cycling is a truly invigorating and liberating experience, enjoyed by people of all ages and from all walks of life. If you’re just getting started, it’s necessary to review some safety tips and gear checklists. Check out our guide to cycling for beginners. Remember, we also offer repairs if you find yourself in need after bringing out the bikes, dusting them off, and getting ready to ride after some time off.
All you need to know about getting into cycling, including:
- benefits of cycling
- cycling safety tips
- organized cycling events
- safety gear checklist
- bicycle road safety check
Find out about the health benefits of cycling and get tips on equipment, road safety, and cycle routes.
Benefits of cycling
Cycling is one of the easiest ways to fit exercise into your daily routine because it’s also a form of transport. Cycling also:
- saves you money
- gets you fit
- helps the environment
It’s a low-impact type of exercise, so it’s easier on your joints than running or other high-impact aerobic activities. But it still helps you get into shape.
The best way to build your cardiovascular fitness on the bike is to ride for at least 150 minutes every week. For example, you could cycle to work a few days a week, or do a couple of shorter rides during the week with a longer ride at the weekend. You’ll soon feel the benefits.
If you’re just getting started, check out our guide to cycling for beginners.
Cycling safety tips
- Look behind you before you turn, overtake, or stop.
- Use arm signals before you turn right or left.
- Obey traffic lights and road signs.
- Don’t ride on the pavement unless there’s a sign that says you can.
- Don’t cycle next to another person on busy or narrow roads.
- When overtaking parked cars, watch out for car doors opening suddenly and allow room to pass safely.
- Don’t use headphones while cycling.
- Never use a mobile phone while cycling.
The British Cycling website has recreation and travel sections that can give you information and hints on everything you need to enjoy cycling, whether you’re a cycling commuter, mountain biker, or first-time cyclist.
The site includes a national leisure cycling advice on training, maintenance, and improving fitness.
It has a function where you can map where you’ve ridden, log the miles you’ve traveled, and rank yourself against other riders.
You could also join a club in your area and go on organized bike rides.
Safety gear checklist
Wearing a cycling helmet can help prevent a head injury, if you fall off your bike.
It’s important to wear a helmet that meets the following criteria:
- It’s a snug fit and positioned squarely on your head. It should sit just above your eyebrows, not tilted back or tipped forwards.
- It’s securely fastened by straps, which aren’t twisted, with only enough room for two fingers between your chin and the strap.
Make sure you replace your helmet every five years. Don’t buy a secondhand helmet – it may be damaged and may not protect you properly.
Lights and reflectors
If you use your bike at night, it is compulsory to have:
- a white front light
- a red rear light
- a red rear reflector
- amber/yellow pedal reflectors front and back on each pedal
Reflectors fitted to the front and the spokes will also help you be seen.
You can get lights that are steady or flashing, or a mixture of steady at the front and flashing at the back. A steady light at the front is important when you’re cycling through areas without good street lighting.
Additional lights and reflectors
You can use other lights as well as the compulsory ones, but they must:
- be the right color – white at the front, red at the back
- not dazzle other road users
If they’re flashing, it must be at a rate of one to four equal flashes per second.
Bicycle road safety check
Do the following checks on your bike regularly to make sure it’s in good working order.
Front tire and wheels – Lift the front end of the bike by the handlebar stem and then:
- give the top of the wheel a bang with your hand to check it doesn’t fall out of the forks or move from side to side
- check the wheel doesn’t move from side to side when you try to wobble it to be sure the bearings aren’t worn
- spin the front wheel – the brakes shouldn’t rub on the wheel rim
- squeeze the sides of the tire – inflate it if it feels soft
- look for gaps, cuts, or bulges on the tires – these are signs the tires are worn and need to be replaced
If you have a front mudguard, there should be at least 5mm between the front mudguards and the tire. Remove the mudguard if it rubs against the tip of your shoe when you pedal.
Lift the rear of the bike by the saddle and go through the same checks for the back wheels.
Brakes – Apply the front brakes. Check that:
- the brakes work – try pushing the bike forward with the brakes on
- the brake pads sit evenly on the wheel rim – they shouldn’t touch at one end and not the other
- the cables inside the brake levers aren’t frayed
- the brake levers and hand grips are tight on the handlebars, all the nuts and screws are attached, and the ends of the handlebar tube are covered
Apply the back brake and go through the same checks. The back tire should slide, not roll, when you apply the brakes and push the bike forward.
Handlebars and steering – All the parts on the handlebars should be tight and you should be able to steer freely. Release the brakes and stand in front of the front wheel and grip it between your knees.
Then make sure nothing is loose when you try to:
- turn the handlebars from side to side
- apply the brakes and try to rotate the handlebars
Saddle – Your saddle should be set at a height that’s comfortable for you. Place one heel on the pedal. Your leg should straighten when the pedal is furthest from the saddle.
Make sure you don’t raise the saddle high enough to see the height limit mark on the seat post. If the saddle needs to be this high for you to sit comfortably, you probably need a bigger bike.
Move towards the rear of the bike and hold the saddle tightly. Check that you can’t move it up and down or side to side. If it moves, tighten it.
Chain, gears, and pedals – Ask someone to work the pedals by hand while you hold the rear wheel off the ground by the saddle. Then:
- shift through all the gears on the back sprocket (a small wheel the chain passes through) and front gear changer to check the chain stays on and moves smoothly
- wobble each pedal from side to side to check they don’t move too much – if they do, the bearings in the bottom bracket need replacing
Make sure the chain isn’t hanging off, broken, or rusty. Lubricate the chain with some oil, if necessary.
For advice on buying and looking after cycling equipment and correct riding positions, go to your local bike shop.
We offer all-inclusive guided eBike, road, and mountain bike rides at bucket-list destinations across Southern California. Rent the perfect bikes for awesome adventures with us. Call us at 949-484-6409 or visit our Facebook page. Have pics to post? Tag #SynapticCycles so we can enjoy them too!